Laparoscopic surgery also referred to as minimally invasive, endoscopic, keyhole, and Band-Aid surgery. Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that involves insertion of a narrow telescope-like instrument through a small incision in the belly button. This allows visualization of the abdominal and pelvic organs including the area of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized gynecological surgery. Today, it is only rarely necessary to perform open gynecological surgery. It is now possible to convert approximately 95% of gynecological procedures which formerly required an abdominal incision into a relatively minor same day/one day procedure.
Laparoscopy is often used to find the cause of abdominal pain, infertility, or other problems in the reproductive organs. Problems that occur with a woman’s reproductive organs sometimes cannot be found by a physical examination alone. Other tests, X-ray, or ultrasound may still leave some uncertainty. In these cases, a slender telescope-like instrument, called a laparoscope that is inserted through a small cut just below the navel.
Although, this method does represent surgery that requires anesthesia and involves some discomfort afterward, it is usually safe. The recovery period is short, usually less than a week. Laparoscopy is done to help the doctor determine what is wrong and, at times, allow the problem to be corrected at the same time. It is useful for diagnosing endometriosis, scar tissue or adhesions, cysts, hernias and other diseases which cause pelvic pain. Laparoscopy is also used as a method of sterilization since you can see and destroy part of the fallopian tubes with clips, bands or electrical current.