Causes of Male Infertility
Male infertility is mainly attributed to factors such as low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors have a role to play in causes of male infertility factors.
The sign of male infertility is the prolonged inability to conceive a child, despite of absence of female infertility factors. In few cases, underlying problems such as an inherited disorders, hormonal imbalances, dilated veins around the testicles, or conditions that blocks the passage of sperm are causes signs and symptoms observed in male infertility factor.
Inability to conceive a child is the main symptom of male infertility factor, although there are several other symptoms one does not notice. Signs and symptoms associated with male infertility include:
- Problems with sexual functions like difficulty in ejaculation or low volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduction in sexual desire or difficulty in maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain and/ or swelling or a lump in the testicle area
- Recurring respiratory infections
- Abnormal growth of male breasts (gynecomastia)
- Decreased facial or body hair or other such signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
- Lower than normal sperm count
Produce Healthy Sperm. Initial stages involve the growth and formation of the male reproductive organs during puberty stage. One of the testicles must be functioning correctly, and your body should be able to produce testosterone and other hormones to trigger and maintain sperm production.
Problems in male fertility are caused by a number of health issues and medical treatments. Some of these include:
Overexposure to environmental elements such as heat, toxins and chemicals can also reduce sperm production or cause decreased sperm function. Specific causes include :
- Exposure to Industrial chemicals such as benzenes, toluene, xylene, pesticides, herbicides, organic solvents, painting materials and lead may lead to low sperm counts.
- Exposure to lead or other heavy metals also may be the basis of infertility factor.
- Prolonged Exposure to radiation causes reduced sperm production, though it often eventually returns to normal. Prolonged radiation with high doses, causes sperm production to be permanently reduced.
- Overheating of the testicle area or increased temperatures adversely impact sperm production and function.
- Sitting for long periods, wearing tight clothing or working on a laptop computer for long stretch of time may result in increase in the temperature in your scrotum and may reduce sperm production.
Health, lifestyle and other causes
Some other causes of male infertility include:
- Usage of Steroids to stimulate muscle strength and growth causes the testicles to shrink and sperm production to decrease.
- Using cocaine or marijuana temporarily reduces the number and quality of your sperm as well.
- Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels, cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production. Liver disease caused by excessive drinking also may lead to fertility problems.
- Men who smoke have a lower sperm count than do those who don’t smoke.
- Stress interferes with certain hormones needed to produce sperm. Severe or prolonged emotional stress, including problems with fertility, affects your sperm count.
- In several ways, Obesity impairs fertility, including a direct impact on sperm themselves as well as by causing hormonal changes that causes reduction in male fertility.
Occupations such as welding or those involving prolonged sitting, such as truck driving, may be associated with a risk of infertility. However, the research to support these links is mixed.
Major Risk factors to watch out for Male Infertility.
- Alcohol or Tobacco Consumption
- Consumption of certain illicit drugs
Prolonged history of infection or frequent occurances
- Exposure to toxins
- Overheating in the testicle area
- Having experienced trauma around the testicles
- Having a prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery
- History of Undescended testicles
- Born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder
- Having medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses, such as sickle cell disease
- Consuming certain medications or undergoing medical treatments, such as surgery or radiation used for treating cancer.
Many underlying causes of male infertility aren’t preventable. However, one can avoid some known causes of male infertility such as:
- Don’t smoke.
- Limit or abstain from alcohol.
- Steer clear of illicit drugs.
- Keep the weight off.
- Don’t get a vasectomy.
- Avoid things that lead to prolonged heat for the testicles.
- Reduce stress.
- Avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy metals and other toxins
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle and exercise regimen